La 'grande chasse' chez les Pygmées Baka du Sud-Est Cameroun. Contribution à l'Anthropologie de l'environnement.

TALOUSSOCK, Flaubert (2014) La 'grande chasse' chez les Pygmées Baka du Sud-Est Cameroun. Contribution à l'Anthropologie de l'environnement. Masters thesis, Faculté des Arts, Lettres et Sciences Humaines.

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    Abstract

    This thesis focuses on “The “great hunting” among the Baka pygmies of the Southeastern Cameroon. A contribution to Anthropology of environment. The problematic in the study is the confrontation of great hunting among the Baka with the institutional, socio-economic and ecological change in forest. The goal is to analyze the mechanisms of adaptation of this game against these changes that affect the Baka environment. The proposed hypothesis suggests that Baka Pygmies have restructured the preparatory ceremonies of the great hunting following changes that occurred in their environmental milieu. Certain ritual animals have been substituted. Hunting lands, tools, methods and periods were also modified. The great hunting is opened to Baka hunters and non Baka hunters. Qualitative techniques, including observation, interviews and focus group discussions were used for data collection. The observations allowed us to understand the reality of driving forces in the forest as well as tools for hunting, hunting land and even the species sought. Interviews and focus group discussions were consolidated data on the ancient practice of hunting for rituals like Jengi and Beka, on the current practice of this hunting and on the impact of the of the modification of this hunting practice on the Baka culture. The results of this research show that the Baka have taken important measure to adapt their great hunting to the changing time and space. But the restructuring of this hunting varies from one village to another. As and when we leave the depths of the forest to the city of Yokadouma the great hunting is practiced less and less. Baka use illegal hunting tools and even fully protected species in their great hunting and in rituals celebrations. The overexploitation of forest resources, the creation of protected areas, full protection of certain large mammals and the action of ecoguards are something of an obstacle to the ancient practice of hunting for ritual. In most of camp where hunting is no more existing, ritual ceremonies are less and less celebrated. The study is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is related to the literature review, the theoretical framework, the definition of concepts, the second focuses on the geographical presentation of the study area, the third chapter looks at factors affecting the great hunting, the fourth chapter deal with the changes observed in the Baka’s great hunting, and the fifth chapter examines consequences of the restriction or suppression of the hunt on the Baka socio culture.

    Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: chasse, Pygmées Baka, Jengi, Anthropologie de l'environnement, Sud-Est Cameroun, sédentarisation, rites sociétés forestières, aires protégées, législation forestière, Kounabembe, gibier, Béka,WWF-Jenji, Safaris, braconnage, espèces protégées, parcs nationaux, forêts communautaires; Yokadouma, campement,changement, développement,écologie cuturelle, conservation, exploitation forestière,yéli, buma, écogardes.
    Subjects: 300 Social sciences > 390 Customs, etiquette, folklore
    600 Technology (Applied sciences) > 630 Agriculture
    Divisions: Africa > Cameroon > Université de Yaoundé 1 (UY1) > Faculté des Arts, Lettres et Sciences Humaines
    Depositing User: Doctorant Flaubert TALOUSSOCK
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2014 10:59
    Last Modified: 22 Feb 2014 10:59
    URI: http://eprints.campuce.org/id/eprint/92

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